The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1923)

Lon Chaney, Sr. as seen in the Hunchback of Notre Dame. His back shows the scars and welts from his whippings.

Kit Maker: Unknown

From Wikipedia:

The Hunchback of Notre Dame is a 1923 American film starring Lon Chaney as Quasimodo and Patsy Ruth Miller as Esmeralda, and is directed by Wallace Worsley. The film is the most famous adaptation of Victor Hugo‘s novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame, aside from the 1996 Disney Adaptation. The film was Universal‘s “Super Jewel” of 1923 and was their most successful silent film, grossing over $3 million.

The film is most notable for the grand sets that recall 15th century Paris as well as Lon Chaney’s performance and spectacular make-up as the tortured bell-ringer of Notre Dame. The film elevated Chaney, already a well-known character actor, to full star status in Hollywood. It also helped set a standard for many later horror films, including Chaney’s The Phantom of the Opera in 1925. Today, the film is in the public domain.